[Episcopal News Service] J. Wippell & Co., a British manufacturer of clerical clothing and church furnishings as well as academic gowns, plans to close the 234-year-old business by the end of the year.
Wippell & Co began in Devon, England, in 1789, as a grocer and tea dealer, but the business eventually expanded to funeral services, selling fabrics and tailoring. A century later, Wipple started selling into “the groundswell of restoration and building in the Church of England,” according to a company history. The business went on to become an academic and clerical outfitter, and supplier of church furnishings, making handmade items ranging from cassocks and chimeres to graduation gowns and mortarboards to altar frontals and copes.
Its customers include universities in the United Kingdom and overseas, the Anglican Church, Church of Scotland, United Reform Church, Episcopal, Methodist and Baptist churches in America, and in numerous other countries from Australia to Sweden, according to a company press release.
The company said in the press release that the decision to close “comes after two difficult years (of) trading during the pandemic, with the company losing hundreds of thousands of pounds as university graduation ceremonies and other face-to-face events stopped.”
Many of those face-to-face events included setting up shop at denominational gatherings such as The Episcopal Church’s triennial General Convention. Wippell is one of a handful of clerical haberdashers that have been perennial fixtures in the convention’s exhibit hall.
“It’s an incredibly sad day and I want to pay tribute to all my colleagues. We will be supporting everyone through this difficult period,” Wippell Chairman and Director Robin Richardson said in the release.
Richardson said Wippell would provide “fair redundancy packages” to all employees. “Most people, including incredibly skilled embroiderers, seamstresses and cutters, have worked here for decades, with many approaching retirement age,” he said. “I want to personally acknowledge everyone’s dedication and craftsmanship.”
Wippell Director Christine Morrish added that “without doubt (it is) a much more competitive market, with lower quality machine-made garments from overseas now dominating.”
Forty-four employees will be affected at the company’s locations in Exeter, Westminster in London and in New Jersey.
Wippell will continue to sell items and take orders for the coming months, according to the release.
One of the oldest manufacturers in England, Wippell was the first business in Exeter to set up and use a telephone line, and the first to convert from gas to electric lightning. Today it still has the address Exeter P.O. Box 1. Its first London shop opened in 1897 and the business became a limited company in 1902, opening its Branchville, New Jersey, sales office in 1950, according to the release.
During both world wars, the company switched to making and supplying military clothing and equipment, parachutes, signal devices and equipment including torpedo mechanisms for the British armed forces. On April 17, 2020, the company tweeted that it had shifted to producing scrubs and face masks for National Health Service workers.
Proud to have adapted our manufacturing to help provide vital PPE to frontline NHS staff. We have altered 38,600 face masks & are in production with 400 sets of scrubs. #NHSThankyou #nhsengland #MadeinBritain #dowhatyoucan #jointhefight #PPE #Devontogetherhttps://t.co/sEFmWBaDYs
— J Wippell & Co Ltd (@JWippellandCo) April 17, 2020
Wippell has also worked with production companies such as HBO for historical dramas and made clerical costumes on long-running British television shows like “Coronation Street” and “Emmerdale.” The company has also created costumes for Madame Tussauds and theatre shows including the long-running musical “Sister Act.”