[Episcopal News Service – Austin, Texas] The 79th General Convention is now faced with parsing the potential spending plan for mission and ministry of the Episcopal Church for the next three years.
The Joint Standing Committee on Program, Budget and Finance presented its proposed $133.8 million 2019-2021 budget during a joint session of the House of Bishops and House of Deputies.
The budget’s introduction said the plan reflects the presiding bishop’s priorities of evangelism, racial reconciliation and justice, and creation care. The priorities have been referred to as the “three pillars” of the Episcopal branch of the Jesus Movement.
The budget proposes spending on the church’s three priorities this way:
- Nearly $10.4 million in racial reconciliation work.
- $5.2 million on evangelism. “There has been talk that the proposed budget cuts resources for church planting,” PB&F Chair Deputy Barbara Miles said. “This is not true. The budget [in that category] remains steady at $3 million.”
- Some $1 million on care of creation.
“The budget is built upon the foundation of our continuing ministries as a church and our commitments to others both within and beyond our church,” Maine Bishop Steve Lane, vice chair of PB&F, told the joint session. “It is built upon our ongoing commitment to conciliar governance, and the legal, financial and other services of the Church Center [the denominational offices in Manhattan].”
Deputies and bishops have requested 39 task forces, standing commissions or other interim bodies and several new staff positions whose costs exceeded available revenue by more than $15 million. “This General Convention clearly has been in a spending mood,” Lane said. “These proposals had the impact of pitting the three pillars against other work considered by some to be important or essential.”
Lane said it was clear to the committee that “our church has not yet lived into the culture of leaner and lower, that is, of reducing the bureaucracy of the church, as we decided in the last triennium in response to the Task Force for Reimagining the Episcopal Church (TREC) report, and in pushing ministry work closer to the ground, closer to the parishes, which are the heart of our institutional life.”
He added, “Many have grieved the loss of particular churchwide ministry offices and programs and have sought to re-establish them at this convention. PB&F has heard these pleas, and the budget reflects our efforts to respond,” while trying to control costs and ground spending around the three pillars.
PB&F had three principles guiding its work when considering those spending requests, according to Lane and Miles. The first was to expand staff only where major new work requires it. The second was to favor the creation of networks and time-limited task forces, rather than new, canonically required standing commissions. And third, the committee focused on keeping money in dioceses by preserving the assessment rate at 15 percent “to control total spending so that our commitment to ministry at the local level is maintained and expanded,” Lane said.
The budget’s sources of income
The budget is based on a number of income sources, beginning with diocesan contributions, which will be mandatory for the first time in the church’s history, based on a 2015 General Convention decision. If all 109 dioceses and three regional areas pay the required 15 percent, there would be $88,855,970 available. That amount assumes diocesan income will grow annually by a half percent.
Full ENS coverage of the 79th meeting of General Convention is available here.
Each year’s annual giving in the three-year budget is based on a percentage of each diocese’s income two years earlier. PB&F’s draft budget allows dioceses to exempt $140,000 of income from their assessment calculation. The exemption was $150,000 during the 2012-2015 triennium.
Not all dioceses pay the full asking for a variety of reasons. Diocesan commitments for 2016 and 2017 are here. Dioceses may ask for full or partial waivers, and Lane said only 19 dioceses are asking for those waivers and $5.5 million is in PB&F’s proposed budget to account for those waivers for up to 20 dioceses.
Without getting a waiver, a diocese that does not pay the full assessment will be unable to get grants or loans from the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society (the name under which the Episcopal Church is incorporated, conducts business and carries out mission).
The dioceses have moved from 40 percent paying at the full rate to more than 80 percent, bringing in $10 million in additional income, Lane said.
He offered “profound thanks to the laity, deacons, priests and bishops of our church.” The 15 percent assessment rate was meant “to make the support requested from the dioceses more affordable and to keep more money in diocesan budgets.” In return, dioceses were asked to work toward full participation.
“This is one of the best things to happen in our financial life in many years, and I hope we can celebrate this expression of our unity and our common commitment to ministry,” Lane said
Additional major amounts of income are anticipated from these sources:
- $31.7 million from a 5 percent draw on interest on the unrestricted assets in the DFMS’ investments. The draw is reduced from the current 5.8 percent. “We do believe it is essential to protect the invested funds of the church in a time of market volatility,” Lane said. The 5.8 percent draw has cut the DFMS’ short-term operating reserve to two months of operating income. PB&F wants to rebuild that cushion to six months. The amount anticipated assumes an annual investment return of 7.5 percent this year and next. Another $675,000 will come from trusts.
- $9.8 million from leasing five and a half floors plus the currently vacant former bookstore space in the Episcopal Church Center in Manhattan.
- $4.4 million from events and programs, including nearly $2 million from Episcopal Migration Ministries’ refugee loan program (used to offset the costs of that program and help other EMM work) and $1.3 million from General Convention (also offset by the costs of staging the convention).
- $1 million from the new Annual Appeal. PB&F members have pledged to make annual donations, “and we ask you to do the same,” Miles said.
- $1 million will come from the 2016-2018 budget draw from the DFMS’ short-term reserves for racial reconciliation. That work did not begin in earnest until mid-2017 and, thus, the original draw has not been spent.
The document also summarizes other major categories of spending:
- $28 million for ministry with the Episcopal Church.
- $19.3 million on finance and development.
- $18.7 million on governance costs.
- $17.4 million on DFMS operations.
- $17.2 million for ministry outside the Episcopal Church.
- $13 million for the work of the presiding bishop’s office.
- $3.6 million on legal expenses.
The version of the budget posted on the convention’s Virtual Binder includes a 41-category summary of spending and income.
Miles noted that while the budget calls for new staff support for evangelism, racial reconciliation and creation care, “these positions have been created by reassigning or expanding the work of existing staff persons” with no increase in the total number of staff members.
PB&F has made $650,000 available for compensation of the president of the House of Deputies. The Executive Council’s proposed draft 2019-2021 triennium budget allocated $900,000. On July 6, the convention agreed to pay the president of the House of Deputies in the form of an unspecified amount in director’s and officer’s fees for the work of the office, ending a two-decade compensation effort.
There’s no money in the budget for any form of prayer book revision, which is still an undecided issue at convention. “We could not predict how the church will ultimately move on prayer book revision,” Lane said. “We did not think it good stewardship to set aside a large sum as an escrow for something we weren’t sure would take place. And a token amount seemed disrespectful to the task should it be adopted. Therefore, we reserved nothing in the budget for prayer book revision or for staff.”
PB&F left it to Executive Council, the officers of the church, and the Standing Commission on Liturgy and Music “to design a budget and funding process for the work” the convention eventually calls for, according to Lane. The budget does include $201,000 for what it calls “improved translation of current prayer book.”
As required by the convention’s Joint Rules, PB&F’s proposed budget was presented to a joint session of the Houses of Bishops and Deputies. The two houses will debate and vote on it separately. Deputies will do that the morning of July 12, and the bishops are expected to do the same the next morning. Both houses must approve the same version of the budget, which takes effect at the beginning of 2019.
Convention will cast its decision via Resolution A295.
Miles and Lane closed their presentation with a recommendation. “It has become clear that the work shared between the Executive Council and Program, Budget and Finance needs to be rebalanced,” Lane said. “Even though collaboration between the Executive Council and PB&F has been very good in this triennium, there is a desire for PB&F to take a greater role during the triennia and to build the budget in a manner that is more accessible and allows for greater participation beyond Executive Council.”
“We believe there is a place for greater public conversation as the budget develops,” Lane added.
– The Rev. Mary Frances Schjonberg is the Episcopal News Service’s senior editor and reporter.