Church sees imperative role in racial justice, reconciliation

By Pat McCaughan
Posted Aug 21, 2014

[Episcopal News Service] Editor’s note: This story has been updated. Though the Ferguson police department is predominantly white, it is not all-white as previously stated.

While the fatal police shooting of an unarmed African-American teenager continued to spark protests in Ferguson, Missouri, Episcopalians throughout the U.S. were grappling with a tough reality that it could have happened just about anywhere and with a difficult question: what should the church be doing about it?

Despite the Aug. 9 shooting death of Michael Brown and its violent aftermath the hope “is that it will finally be the wakeup call we need in this country to address this issue,” Bishop Stacy Sauls, Episcopal Church chief operating officer, told ENS. “Because, in my opinion, race relations in the United States have been getting worse, not better.”

Festering tensions between the predominantly white Ferguson police department and the African-American community erupted in violence after officer Darren Wilson fatally shot 18-year-old Brown. Conflicting eyewitness reports followed and an independent autopsy revealed Brown had been shot six times. Ferguson police subsequently identified Brown as a robbery suspect.

Regardless, local clergy and residents decried the level of police violence directed against the predominantly African-American community.

Sauls said Christian churches sparked the civil rights movement “and I think we’re seeing a very strong call for us to be involved again. One thing we can do, is bring people together to talk, not only on a local level or a regional level, but for a national conversation. That can have a very positive impact.”

Similarly, in an Aug. 20 statement young adult members of the Union of Black Episcopalians (UBE) cited, among other things, “the subculture of prejudice against black people resulting in headline after headline of another American lying dead in neighborhood streets.”

The statement called upon UBE chapters across the country to help carry the message “so that the prophetic voice of the Episcopal Church resounds in speaking against the legacy of institutionalized oppression in the United States and across our world.”

Carrying the message: prophetic voices
Chester Hines began serving as a trainer at anti-racism workshops in the Diocese of Missouri by choice, and because of circumstance.

“I grew up in segregated St. Louis. It doesn’t matter what institution you identify in St. Louis they have always – in my experience – been segregated, even after the federal Civil Rights legislation of 1964,” said Hines, 67, an auditor and former teacher who serves in a field placement assignment at St. Timothy’s Episcopal Church in Creve Coeur, as part of the diocesan ordination process.

Hines said that, not only was he not surprised that racial tensions erupted in nearby Ferguson after Brown’s shooting, “I was surprised it hadn’t happened sooner and in more places.”

He passed on his own life lessons to twin sons, Christian and Christopher, as they came of age, in the interest of preservation, he said. “I educated my children to understand and know about segregation, race and racism, that it existed in St. Louis,” he said. “I also told them how it manifested itself.

“I taught them as they became 10 years of age, that they would be encountered by the police, by security when they went to the mall with their friends, and they had white friends. I taught them the lessons that I knew they were going to have to learn in order to be out in the community because these were the lessons I had to learn and it hadn’t changed,” he said.

“I told them what was going to happen but, more importantly I told them, here is your response: You engage the policeman with respect and regard, yes sir, no sir. You give your name. You follow his directions, even if you have to be arrested.

“Because, here’s what’s at risk: if you aggravate or in some way convey to that policeman that you’re challenging him, he’s going to harm you in some physical way or bust your head and once your head is busted or you’re shot up, it can’t be fixed.

“However, it can be fixed if you’re taken to the jailhouse, because I can come and get you from there. But a physical confrontation, I can’t do anything about.”

Now that both sons are 31 and attorneys, he says, “Every day I wake up and say ‘Amen.’”

‘Race is so hard to talk about’ – so listen
The Very Rev. Mike Kinman, dean of Christ Church Cathedral in St. Louis, was “trying to listen to folks on the ground” in Ferguson and counseling others to do likewise.

He also invited cathedral parishioners, following the Aug. 17 main Sunday service, to spend time together, with no judgment, no comments, no arguing, just plain listening to each other. “There were tears, anger, confusion, a wide variety of feelings were represented but there was just this holy space and I realized it was grace,” he said.

“There are people who’ve said ‘I don’t have any place to say this. We are afraid of talking about race; afraid we will say the wrong thing. We need a place where we can stumble.

“This is something we can do as a church; provide that safe space, to talk about race, because race is so hard to talk about,” he said. “But, I told them all, if you’re not talking, don’t be thinking about what you’re going to say next, just listen.”

The Rev. Eric H. F. Law, an Episcopal priest and founder of the Los Angeles-based Kaleidoscope Institute, which offers leadership development and diversity training in multicultural and changing environments agreed “the first step has to be listening to the historically powerless folks.

“The big question to ask is, do you want to continue to have these sporadic explosions or do you really want to find a way to engage people so you have real relationships?” said Law, who helped to coordinate reconciliation efforts after the 1992 Los Angeles riots.

“The bottom line is, do we have real friendships across racial lines in this country, and can our church facilitate that and not in a superficial way but in a way that we can really attempt to understand each other?”

Sauls said that after a Florida jury found neighborhood watch captain George Zimmerman not guilty in July 2013 in the shooting death of Trayvon Martin, the Episcopal Church began working toward creating for the first time a missioner for racial reconciliation. In June 2014, Heidi Kim was appointed to that position and Charles Wynder was named the Episcopal Church missioner for social justice and advocacy.

“I really do believe that if we take seriously this notion that we are all members of the Body of Christ, then we have to behave differently toward one another. The first step is listening to people that think completely differently than you do,” said Kim. In her new role, she is responsible for facilitating the establishment and growth of networks in the church to confront the structural issues of racism in the church and society. Wynder is responsible for engaging Episcopalians in building, resourcing and empowering advocacy movements and networks for social justice at a local and community level.

“There was an incident in New York this summer,” said Sauls, referring to the chokehold death of Eric Garner, an African-American man, by New York City police officers, “and now the Michael Brown case, so it’s not an uncommon occurrence.”

“Unfortunately,” he said, “this is one of the saddest statements I can make, that we all knew this day would come again.”

The Interfaith Center of New York on Aug. 21 welcomed New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio’s outreach to religious leaders as a way to “heal and deepen the relationship between police and community” in the wake of Garner’s death. “We applaud senior religious leaders for coming together for dialogue at this critical moment,” the statement said, recognizing the crucial role that grassroots faith leaders play “in maintaining peaceful co-existence in their neighborhoods.”

Anti-racism training; becoming the beloved community
For Hines and others who lead anti-racism trainings across the church, resources include the history of the Episcopal Church; the House of Bishops 1994 pastoral letter on the sin of racism; General Convention resolutions on the subject, and some basic definitions.

“We talk about the history of the Episcopal Church, and it’s mixed,” Hines said. “We had priests and leadership in the Episcopal Church that were slave owners and members of the Ku Klux Klan.”

Henry Shaw, for example, was a wealthy local landowner and philanthropist “who only in the recent past did we recognize was one of the largest slave owners in St. Louis,” Hines says. “Much of the wealth he left to the Episcopal Church came as a result of the slaves he owned.”

Agreement on definitions of words like prejudice, discrimination, bigotry also “get us to a point where we talk to each other and can understand hopefully what the other person is saying,” he said.

In Atlanta, a name change, from the diocesan antiracism commission to the “Beloved Community Commission for Dismantling Racism” shifted participants to an understanding that “we need to dismantle racism as a part of our spiritual formation and not just so we can check off the box to be on the vestry and be a priest,” said Catherine Meeks, 68, a retired college professor and commission member.

“We’ve gone from a lot of open hostility toward our training to having people invite us now to come to their individual parishes,” said Meeks, a member of St. Augustine of Canterbury Episcopal Church in Morrow, Georgia, near Atlanta.

Celebrating Holy Communion at the start of sessions also “focused the whole day around the umbrella that this is who we are as family; this is the work we have to do to help our family get well.”

The daughter of an Arkansas sharecropper and schoolteacher mother “we were really poor,” Meeks recalled. “We were victims, in many ways, of racism. I saw my father very wounded by that and it’s why I’ve been trying so adamantly to change it,” she said.

“I tried really hard not to pass on a lot of the fear and rage that my father had to my two sons,” she added. “And I’ve really had to work hard to overcome some of the fear.

“I tried very hard to raise my children to feel they had a place in the world and could be independent people, but with the realization they’re black in America. The systems here are not designed for the benefit of people of color,” she said.

It means, she said, living a dualistic existence. “You believe you’re a child of God and that God cares for you and you have a place in the world and you will get the blessings that are yours to have. But, you live in a land where there are a lot of systems designed to keep that from happening, and you have to live in the reality of that.”

Hope: ‘in the church we have a chance’
Sauls said that follow-ups are in the planning stages for groundbreaking events like the Nov. 2013 Episcopal Church’s “Fifty Years Later: the State of Race in America” in Jackson, Mississippi, and an Oct. 2008 service of repentance at the historic African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas in Philadelphia.

He said the Episcopal Church’s Office of Justice and Advocacy Ministries is compiling resources for communities of faith “to begin conversations. We’re beginning to start to bring leaders across the church together to continue the conversation and to build on the work we did last November” in Jackson.

Kinman said that he had received offers from colleagues across the country, to come to Ferguson to join protests.

“I’m telling people that, wherever you are in this country, if you really want to help, then use this moment of opportunity and gather your congregation, your people, and ask the question, why do you think this is happening?” he said.

“Do some education about race and class, power and privilege. Ask the questions: who in your community is Michael Brown? Who in your community would be those folks on the streets of Ferguson right now? What is their experience of being black or brown in your community?”

Meeks agreed. “This situation in Ferguson just highlights that we’ve been trying to pretend we’re at some place we’re not. It could be anywhere in the country, and we know this. Ferguson is just one little tip of the iceberg. We really need to pay attention.”

But there is much cause for hope, especially within the church, she said.

“My hope lies in the fact that I believe in the church we have a chance. Celebrating Holy Communion is so important because it reminds us that we’re committed to something bigger than ourselves. I just believe the church is the place where we can develop real dialogue, real trust and model a different way to be with one another,” she added.

“We’ve got a long way to go to get there, but I think we stand a chance if we are willing to be open to what we say we believe.”

Hines said he contradicted a participant at an antiracism training he led last week in Sikeston, who told him real change seemed impossible.

“My hope is eternal but change is very slow, he said. “I reminded him that, prior to 1964 and the Civil Rights legislation, I could not have come to Sikeston and stayed anyplace but with a relative. Change is possible if we agree it is and move forward in that direction.”

He added: “I think of this work as necessary and vital to the salvation of the Episcopal Church. We look at our history and then we look at our current events and then we identify for ourselves what do we want to look like 10 years from now.”

–The Rev. Pat McCaughan is a correspondent for the Episcopal News Service.


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Comments (13)

  1. The article speaks of an “all-white police force” in Ferguson. All other news reports I have seen speak of 2 or 2 black officers on a 53-man force. It doesn’t help resolve the issue to provide inaccurate information.

  2. The Rev. Dr. Charles H. Morris says:

    This whole event has raised a multitude of issues, and certainly of feelings. I visited Ferguson and the very location where Michael Brown was killed, a few days ago. Talking with several in that neighborhood, I was impressed with the sense of calm, as well as the spirit of generosity and helpfulness they had toward me–I had needed directions several times! I have been closely following news reports daily, and nightly. One thing we need to do, other than realizing that this is a result in great part to systemic prejudice, discrimination, and injustice, is to take “a holy time” to wait for the results of ALL the facts to come out, through the judicial system, for we have local and federal attorneys, prosecutors, and so forth that will be gathering the facts, evidence and the like for many days ahead. And we need to state the facts we know so far with accuracy. Even this piece states that the Ferguson police force is all white. Assuredly only 3 of 53 are black, but that’s still SOME difference right there so far as the facts are concerned. We need to know that the vast majority, some 150 of 156 or so, of those arrested for violent acts in all the protest events so far were outsiders, from beyond the borders of the city of Ferguson, some arriving here from other states and cities (like New York, Chicago, and San Diego). They have apparently come here just to foment trouble, some of it violent. This is all a very confusing and complex thing, so no one should jump to conclusions about exactly what happened, is occurring, and why, in this most sad and tragic episode.

    One of the most important things we should do as Episcopalians going forward is work to integrate our congregations, and do much in the way of growing to understand and learn from others within them, in terms of different races. We did both in my last church that I served for 24 years, prior to retirement. Before much of Chester Hine’s good Dismantling Racism work, we had a series of most helpful sessions, with a lay person and myself trained beforehand as facilitators by a Jewish-Christian group training many for this interracial program. My church, by the way, was all white when I went there (in the general area of North St. Louis County in which Ferguson is located, a bit farther way from the City of St. Louis). When I left, it was about 50 percent white and the same percentage black. Some were Nigerians. This was not hard to do, since we were located in a very bi-racial area of the county. Leadership and a strong sense of mission and outreach came from both races.

    I have learned and come to understand how just knowing people, worshiping with them, and being friends can make such a difference, in this area of sometimes great trouble and even enmity in our society. And as well this is true in differences and prejudice and injustice in the area of sexual orientation, since I’ve been for over 14 years in a parish that has a good percentage of LGBT folks as members, with a partnered gay man as rector. It is on he local level of church membership and involvement, worship , witness and mission and ministry where these crucial matters in our society will be changed for the better, I now, thankfully, know by personal experience.

  3. It upsets me that few seem to realize what is, to me, the real divisive spirit in our Congress, the fact that we have a black President. It is also difficult to “speak the truth in love” when we constantly have to watch our words lest we be politically incorrect. Sometimes, when we listen, the truth hurts but it must be spoken. We need to hear it with a variety of words that are honestly shared.

  4. Jim Eccles says:

    In the mid-seventies, I was a member of the Committee for Human Understanding, a small college-town-based group for voicing racial and other so-called nondominant culture concerns, including those from people with handicapping conditions, which includes me. We generated a lot of words but not much real movement. We seem to be now where we were then, with each group barricaded behind its own set of planted assumptions and firm resistances. If people still want to argue the difference between three black officers and zero black officers in a suburban area reported to be at least 70 percent black, then we are still standing on Square One, the “shucks, why does race really matter?” square; and I see little hope of movement from there. You have to know what is broken, before you can fix it. If nothing is broken, then we are already done, right?

  5. Dan Tootle says:

    Hopefully IF a more reasonable racial balance can be achieved within the Ferguson police force, then the seemingly prevalent attitude within the present force members of being reactive and repressive toward the large African-American population can be moved to one of being protective and of service. Disarming the Ferguson Police “militia” is going to be as important as transforming the police/citizen relationship to one of mutual respect and trust.

  6. The Rev. Charles C. Warwick says:

    I truly believe that the Episcopal Church is in a unique position here. The church’s doctrine of “Inclusiveness” is truly the “Good News”. Our openess to dialog and conversation will set the bar and will allow for open and thoughtful communication.

    Blessings!

    Charlie +

  7. I wasn’t suggesting that 2-3 black officers was wonderful – it’s dreadful – but just that getting the facts straight is a pretty basic prerequisite of constructive debate.

  8. Hope Boyd says:

    How refreshing to read about a Christian church that is embracing the teachings of Jesus without the usual populist, economic, and judgemental overlay that plagues so many religious organizations. Kudos to the Episcopal Church organization!

  9. Lee Evans says:

    I mentioned after an impromptu forum at Christ Church Cathedral here in St. Louis that I have an uncle who was killed by police in the 1940’s in Key West Florida. He was in jail at the time. My uncle was very outspoken and this may have been to his detriment. My father in law was also killed by the police in 1973 here in St. Louis. It was a police mistake. They were looking for a jail escapee and were given the wrong address. My father in law was in bed sick when they broke down his door and shot him. The these were black cops who were exonerated because the felt that the police could not be faulted for doing their duty.
    I have been stopped by the police while walking in a predominantly white neighborhood in Omaha Nebraska back in 1971. I was 18yrs at the time. I was new in town and was unaware that I was doing something wrong. My Floridian accent probably saved me from being arrested.

  10. George Mims says:

    This article impressed me in the beginning statements. My heart sinks knowing that we refuse to deal with black on black crime, black on white crime, and also the part the use of drugs affects the miserable situation we are in today. We’ve learned over and over again that there are issues that are the root causes of our dilemma. Note who buys the drugs funding our devastation: Hollywood’s top guys and gals, major league players, and now we know people in and aspiring for national leadership up to and including the White House, many people who attend church and The Episcopal Church no less. We’ve got to control our appetites for “high” and set boundaries so our lives are worth imaging by all we come in touch with before we can call or enlist others to do so too. The Body of Christ is not every living soul on the earth. Try telling that to ISIS or HAMAS or AL QUEDA or Secularist or Atheist or avowed Marxist and Communist. Understand that the Body of Christ must be THE Body of Christ and not a bunch of folks looking for a Woodstock experience. Jesus is and will remain the answer to healthy boundaries and objective goals that changes hearts and lives towards wholeness, LOVE, respect, community, and the ability to love all those that reject the Body of Christ but whom Jesus is bidding come live THE life of Christ sans drugs and other addictions who’s cost to buy bring the necessary food chain into play killing that we’ve been responsible to go share life abundant with daily. My family, intimate and larger, is bi-racial. We live in peace and love allowing us to speak truth to one another. Race will never be the real issue. The real issue: the heart, the soul, the mind, and our deeds governed by the strength of the HOLY SPIRT whose gift to us is to reveal the LORDSHIP OF JESUS! God bless everyone seeking to be an instrument of His peace!

  11. There is no stopping racism until one accepts it exist. Remove race, unless it says human, from all documents as racism is not what it is but a preferential expectation that is expected due white people only. Blacks need to stop defending skin color and defend and enforce citizenship without appearing that it is granted pass natural born and naturalization into the mouths of white people who in essence owns the United States; American switching back and forth as white with neither being defined by courts nor laws. Even when not white there is a ‘preferential expectation) for whites and a defense by persons of color in expecting white treatment to the detriment of citizen, the law, or humanity as mandated by God; and, it must start with morality and spirituality the tangible foundation for voluntary obedience of the laws among persons who must interact.

  12. Paul Heet says:

    Just because there is an incident between two people of different races does not mean that racism was involved, jumping to that conclusion without any evidence is incredibly harmful to all parties involved.
    two weeks ago there was a shooting in Salt Lake City by a black officer against an unarmed white youth, should we assume that the black officer is a racist and executed this kid because he is white. So far no Justice Dept., no riots, no media, no looting, no calls for officer to be executed or immediately being imprisoned without a trial, and no sermons on this shooting; apparently this shooting doesn’t fit the agenda.
    Sadly there are too many of our black youths dying in our streets, more sadly 91% of those deaths are caused by other black youths, to pretend they are being gunned down by the police is absurd, dishonest and harmful, too everyone involved. When we and leaders of the black community tell black kids that the police don’t like you because they are racist, we wonder why more black youths don’t want to join police dept.
    Maybe we should start judging people by the content of their character, not by the color of their skin

  13. John C. Kimbrough says:

    We are all very imperfect people and it can be hard to know what is the best or right way to handle things…….I think if we have a good understanding of the teachings in The Bible and have made a strong connection with God and our fellow man, we will do the right thing in our lives and regarding the lives of others and how we act, react and interact with and to them regardless of our color, ethnicity, nationality, etc.

Comments are closed.