[Church of England] The Church of England has published new legislative proposals to enable women to become bishops which will be debated by the General Synod in July.
This will be the first occasion that synod members have met since November 2012, when the previous legislation narrowly failed to secure the requisite majority in all three houses (laity, clergy and bishops), despite a 73% majority overall.
The proposals from the House of Bishops accompany the publication of a report of a working group which it had established in December. The working group’s report sets out four possible options for the shape of the new legislation. Of these the House of Bishops has recommended “the simplest possible legislation” (option one) which reads:
“A measure and amending canon that made it lawful for women to become bishops; and
“The repeal of the statutory rights to pass Resolutions A and B under the 1993 Measure, plus the rescinding of the Episcopal Ministry Act of Synod.”
In addition, option one involves arrangements for those who, as a matter of theological conviction, are unable to receive the ministry of women bishops or priests being set out either in a declaration from the House of Bishops or in a new Act of Synod.
The short report from the archbishops of Canterbury and York on behalf of the house sets out the text of a motion which invites the synod to reaffirm its commitment to admitting women to the episcopate as a matter of urgency, require the legislative process to begin in November so that it can be concluded in 2015 and specify that the legislation should be in the simplest possible form.
The business committee of the General Synod met earlier this week and has scheduled the debate for the morning of Monday, July 8, in York. In addition, synod members will spend a substantial amount of time in York on the Saturday in facilitated conversations, in which the various options can be explored further.
The chair of the working group, the Rt. Rev. Nigel Stock, bishop of St. Edmundsbury and Ipswich, said on behalf of the group:
“The mandate given to the working group in December reflected the House of Bishops’ view that new proposals would need both greater simplicity and a clear embodiment of the principle articulated by the 1998 Lambeth Conference that ‘those who dissent from, as well as those who assent to, the ordination of women to the priesthood and episcopate are both loyal Anglicans.’
“This mandate did not simply reflect the House of Bishops’ assessment of what was achievable, it also reflected its view of what was desirable – namely that the Church of England should retain its defining characteristic of being a broad Church, capable of accommodating a wide range of theological conviction.
“Given this range of views it is essential to be clear on whether the Church of England is still willing to leave space for those who dissent from its decision. We have approached our task on the basis that the Church of England is so willing.
“To expect unanimity on where the limits of diversity should be drawn may be unrealistic, given the variety of strongly held views which exist and are maintained with integrity. Nevertheless it is necessary to see whether there might be an approach which could command a sufficiently wide measure of assent to enable progress to be made.
“We are perhaps at a moment when the only way forward is one which makes it difficult for anyone to claim outright victory.
“The synod, guided by the recommendation that the House of Bishops has now made, needs in July to come to a clear decision about the proposals and options laid before it and give a mandate for the introduction of a draft measure and amending canon in November.
“That decision-making process will be greatly assisted by all synod members having first the opportunity in York for facilitated listening and engagement of the kind that the group has found so helpful in producing this report. To that end, we are grateful to the business committee for making space for this to take place on the Saturday of our July meeting.”
The report from the House of Bishops, “Women In the Episcopate – New Legislative Proposals” (GS1886), is available here.